Amoxicillin for children

Discussion in 'Canadian Pharmacy' started by Dara_White, 14-Sep-2019.

  1. shob_vas User

    Amoxicillin for children


    This is the fear we have developed for antibiotics, especially if they are to be used for our children. The drugs, which were hitherto used generously, are now being replaced by alternative therapies to avoid any future complications. In such a scenario, what would happen if your child’s doctor has prescribed amoxicillin for her? Before we administer medicine to our kids, it is good to have a general idea of the drug, its uses, side effects, and other details. In this post, Mom Junction will discuss this popular antibiotic called amoxicillin, its indication, usage, dosage, side-effects and more. Amoxicillin is a penicillin antibiotic used for treating bacterial infections including strep throat, skin infections, pneumonia, sinusitis, bronchitis, urinary tract infections and middle ear infections (1). However, this medicine is not recommended for treating any viral infections such as flu or cold (2). The World Health Organisation has listed amoxicillin as the most effective and safe medicine for children. Amoxicillin Oral Suspension Sugar Free is indicated for the treatment of the following infections in adults and children (see section 4.2, 4.4 and 5.1) such as: • Acute bacterial sinusitis • Acute otitis media • Acute streptococcal tonsillitis and pharyngitis • Acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis • Community acquired pneumonia • Acute cystitis • Asymptomatic bacteriuria in pregnancy • Acute pyelonephritis • Typhoid and paratyphoid fever • Dental abscess with spreading cellulitis • Prosthetic joint infections • Helicobacter pylori eradication • Lyme disease Amoxicillin Oral Suspension Sugar Free is also indicated for the prophylaxis of endocarditis. Consideration should be given to official guidance on the appropriate use of antibacterial agents. The dose of Amoxicillin Oral Suspension Sugar Free that is selected to treat an individual infection should take into account: • The expected pathogens and their likely susceptibility to antibacterial agents (see section 4.4) • The severity and the site of the infection • The age, weight and renal function of the patient; as shown below The duration of therapy should be determined by the type of infection and the response of the patient, and should generally be as short as possible. Some infections require longer periods of treatment (see section 4.4 regarding prolonged therapy). Children may be treated with Amoxicillin Capsules, dispersible tablets suspensions or sachets. Amoxicillin Paediatric Suspension is recommended for children under six months of age. Children weighing 40 kg or more should be prescribed the adult dosage.

    Inderal 20 mg Substitute for amoxicillin Amoxicillin dosages

    Amoxicillin capsules, amoxicillin for oral suspension, amoxicillin tablets chewable are indicated in the treatment of infections due to susceptible ONLY β-lactamase–negative isolates of Escherichia coli, Proteus mirabilis, or Enterococcus faecalis. To reduce the development of drug-resistant Doses are expressed as co-amoxiclav a mixture of amoxicillin as the trihydrate or as the sodium salt and clavulanic acid as potassium clavulanate; the proportions are expressed in the form x/y where x and y are the strengths in milligrams of amoxicillin and clavulanic acid respectively. Amoxicillin doses in BNF Publications may differ from those in product literature. Duration of. Medicines for Children leaflet Amoxicillin for bacterial infections.

    If your child has a bacterial infection, their doctor may prescribe amoxicillin. This drug is a prescription antibiotic that’s used to treat a range of infections caused by bacteria. We’ll cover dosage for amoxicillin in children and discuss the importance of following the dosage instructions from your child’s doctor. We’ll also describe side effects and warnings for amoxicillin. This information can help you give your child amoxicillin safely. When your child’s doctor prescribes amoxicillin for your child, they will tell you the dosage they recommend. The doctor will decide this dosage based on many factors, including your child’s age and weight, the type of infection they’re treating, and other factors. It's used to treat bacterial infections, such as chest infections (including pneumonia), dental abscesses and urinary tract infections (UTIs). It's used in children, often to treat ear infections and chest infections. It comes as capsules or as a liquid that you drink. It's also given by injection, but this is usually only done in hospital. If you take it 3 times a day, this could be first thing in the morning, mid-afternoon and at bedtime. Swallow amoxicillin capsules whole with a drink of water. Amoxicillin is available as a liquid for children and people who find it difficult to swallow tablets. The usual dose of amoxicillin is 250mg to 500mg taken 3 times a day. If you or your child are taking amoxicillin as a liquid, it will usually be made up for you by your pharmacist. The medicine will come with a plastic syringe or spoon to help you measure out the right dose. If you don't have one, ask your pharmacist for one. Do not use a kitchen teaspoon as it will not give the right amount.

    Amoxicillin for children

    Amoxicillin 250mg/5ml Oral Suspension Sugar Free BP., CO-AMOXICLAV Drug BNF content published by NICE

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  3. Has your child's doctor prescribed amoxicillin? We'll tell you about kids' dosage, side effects, and how to give this antibiotic safely to your child.

    • Amoxicillin Dosage for Kids - Healthline.
    • AMOXICILLIN Drug BNF content published by NICE.
    • Amoxicillin for bacterial infections Medicines for Children.

    NHS medicines information on amoxicillin – what it's used for, side effects. Giving amoxicillin to children information on Medicines for Children website. What is amoxicillin? When is the antibiotic prescribed for your child? How to use/ not use amoxicillin for children? Amoxicillin dosage chart. Amoxicillin is an antibiotic, so it can not be used to alleviate viral infections like the common cold. When you are prescribed a dose of the antibiotics for another disease it is essential to follow your doctor’s guidelines carefully.

     
  4. hordm User

    Mild/moderate: 500 mg PO q12hr or 400 mg IV q12hr for 7-14 days Severe/complicated: 750 mg PO q12hr or 400 mg IV q8hr for 7-14 days Limitations-of-use: Reserve fluoroquinolones for patients who do not have other available treatment options for acute bacterial exacerbation of chronic bronchitis Acute uncomplicated: Immediate-release, 250 mg PO q12hr for 3 days; extended-release, 500 mg PO q24hr for 3 days Mild/moderate: 250 mg PO q12hr or 200 mg IV q12hr for 7-14 days Severe/complicated: 500 mg PO q12hr or 400 mg IV q12hr for 7-14 days Limitations-of-use: Reserve fluoroquinolones for patients who do not have other available treatment options for uncomplicated urinary tract infections Dry powder for inhalation: Orphan designation for patients with NCFB who suffer from frequent severe acute pulmonary bacterial exacerbations which lead to further inflammation, airway, and lung parenchyma damage Indication for treatment and prophylaxis of plague due to Yersinia pestis in pediatric patients from birth to 17 years of age 15 mg/kg PO q8-12hr x10-21 days; not to exceed 500 mg/dose, OR 10 mg/kg IV q8-12hr x 10-21 days; not to exceed 400 mg/dose Postexposure therapy IV: 10 mg/kg q12hr for 60 days; individual dose not to exceed 400 mg PO: 15 mg/kg q12hr for 60 days; individual dose not to exceed 500 mg Change antibiotic to amoxicillin as soon as penicillin susceptibility confirmed Nausea (3%) Abdominal pain (2%) Diarrhea (2% adults; 5% children) Increased aminotransferase levels (2%) Vomiting (1% adults; 5% children) Headache (1%) Increased serum creatinine (1%) Rash (2%) Restlessness (1%) Acidosis Allergic reaction Angina pectoris Anorexia Arthralgia Ataxia Back pain Bad taste Blurred vision Breast pain Bronchospasm Diplopia Dizziness Drowsiness Dysphagia Dyspnea Flushing Foot pain Hallucinations Hiccups Hypertension Hypotension Insomnia Irritability Joint stiffness Lethargy Migraine Nephritis Nightmares Oral candidiasis Palpitation Photosensitivity Polyuria Syncope Tachycardia Tinnitus Tremor Urinary retention Vaginitis Acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP), erythema multiforme, exfoliative dermatitis, fixed eruption, photosensitivity/phototoxicity reaction Agitation, confusion, delirium Agranulocytosis, albuminuria, serum cholesterol and TG elevations, blood glucose disturbances, hemolytic anemia, marrow depression (life threatening), pancytopenia (life threatening or fatal outcome), potassium elevation (serum) Anaphylactic reactions (including life-threatening anaphylactic shock), serum sickness like reaction, Stevens-Johnson syndrome Anosmia, hypesthesia Constipation, dyspepsia, dysphagia, flatulence, hepatic failure (including fatal cases), hepatic necrosis, jaundice, pancreatitis Hypertonia, hypotension (postural), increased INR (in patients treated with Vitamin K antagonists), QT prolongation, torsade de pointes, ventricular arrhythmia Methemoglobinemia Myasthenia, exacerbation of myasthenia gravis, myoclonus, nystagmus, peripheral neuropathy that may be irreversible, phenytoin alteration (serum), polyneuropathy, psychosis Myalgia, tendinitis, tendon rupture, toxic epidermal necrolysis (Lyell’s Syndrome), twitching Infections: Candiduria, vaginal candidiasis, moniliasis (oral, gastrointestinal, vaginal), pseudomembranous colitis Renal calculi Vasculitis Because the risk of these serious side effects generally outweighs the benefits for patients with acute bacterial sinusitis, acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis, and uncomplicated UTIs, that fluoroquinolones should be reserved for use in patients with these conditions who have no alternative treatment options Use in pregnancy, though generally contraindicated for all quinolones, is allowed for life-threatening situations; limited data from use of ciprofloxacin in pregnancy show no higher rate of birth defects than background Do not use oral suspension in nasogastric tube; to prepare, add microcapsules to diluent Commonly seen adverse reactions include tendinitis, tendon rupture, arthralgia, myalgia, peripheral neuropathy, and central nervous system effects (hallucinations, anxiety, depression, insomnia, severe headaches, and confusion); these reactions can occur within hours to weeks after starting therapy, including in patients of any age or without pre-existing risk factors; discontinue therapy immediately at first signs or symptoms of any serious adverse reaction; in addition, avoid use of fluoroquinolones, in patients who have experienced any serious adverse reactions associated with fluoroquinolones (see Black Box Warnings) Peripheral neuropathy: sensory or sensorimotor axonal polyneuropathy affecting small and/or large axons resulting in paresthesias, hypoesthesias, dysesthesias, and weakness reported; peripheral neuropathy may occur rapidly after initiating and may potentially become permanent In prolonged therapy, perform periodic evaluations of organ system functions (eg, renal, hepatic, hematopoietic); adjust dose in renal impairment; superinfections may occur with prolonged or repeated antibiotic therapy; discontinue use immediately if signs and symptoms of hepatitis occur Not first drug of choice in pediatrics (except in anthrax), because of increased incidence of adverse events in comparison with control subjects, including arthropathy; no data exist on dosing for pediatric patients with renal impairment (ie, Cr Cl Distributed widely throughout body; tissue concentrations often exceed serum concentrations, especially in kidneys, gallbladder, liver, lungs, gynecologic tissue, and prostatic tissue; cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentration is 10% in noninflamed meninges and 14-37% in inflamed meninges; crosses placenta; enters breast milk Protein bound: 20-40% Vd: 2.1-2.7 L/kg Additive: Aminophylline, amoxicillin, amoxicillin-clavulanate, amphotericin, ampicillin-sulbactam, ceftazidime, cefuroxime, clindamycin, floxacillin, heparin, piperacillin, sodium bicarbonate, ticarcillin Y-site: Aminophylline, ampicillin-sulbactam, azithromycin, cefepime, dexamethasone sodium phosphate, furosemide, heparin, hydrocortisone sodium succinate, magnesium sulfate(? ), methylprednisolone sodium succinate, phenytoin, potassium phosphates, propofol, sodium bicarbonate(? ), sodium phosphates, total parenteral nutrition formulations, warfarin Solution: Compatible with most IV fluids Additive: Amikacin, aztreonam, dobutamine, dopamine, fluconazole, gentamicin, lidocaine, linezolid, metronidazole (ready-to-use form is compatible; hydrochloride form in vial is incompatible), midazolam, potassium chloride, tobramycin Y-site: Amiodarone, calcium gluconate, clarithromycin, digoxin, diphenhydramine, dobutamine, dopamine, linezolid, lorazepam, midazolam, promethazine, quinupristin/dalfopristin, tacrolimus The above information is provided for general informational and educational purposes only. Individual plans may vary and formulary information changes. Contact the applicable plan provider for the most current information. Ciprofloxacin Use by Pregnant and Lactating Women CIPROFLOXACINO- Para Qué Sirve, Posologia y Efectos. Ciprofloxacin - Wikipedia
     
  5. kinguru User

    Is there an over the counter medicine that is I was going to say the same thing as Kaismama. Abreva will help a cold sore heal faster but it is not the same thing as Zovirax or acyclovir. Abreva is not an antiviral like acyclovir.

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